SubtiBank SubtiBank
birA

birA

trigger enzyme
locus
BSU22440
pI
6.77
mw
36.03 kDa
protein length
325 aa Sequence Blast
gene length
975 bp Sequence Blast
function
regulation of biotin synthesis, addition of biotin to proteins
product
trigger enzyme
essential
yes
ec
6.3.4.15
synonyms

Genomic Context

      

categories

  • [category|SW 2|Metabolism] → [category|SW 2.4|Lipid metabolism] → [category|SW 2.4.2|Biosynthesis of lipids] → [category|SW 2.4.2.1|Biosynthesis of fatty acids]
  • [category|SW 2|Metabolism] → [category|SW 2.6|Additional metabolic pathways] → [category|SW 2.6.2|Biosynthesis of cofactors] → [category|SW 2.6.2.1|Biosynthesis/ acquisition of biotin]
  • [category|SW 3|Information processing] → [category|SW 3.4|Regulation of gene expression] → [category|SW 3.4.2|Transcription factors and their control] → [category|SW 3.4.2.5|Transcription factors/ other]
  • [category|SW 6|Groups of genes] → [category|SW 6.1|Essential genes]
  • [category|SW 3|Information processing] → [category|SW 3.4|Regulation of gene expression] → [category|SW 3.4.3|Trigger enzyme] → [category|SW 3.4.3.3|Trigger enzymes that act directly as transcription factors by binding DNA]
  • Gene

    Coordinates
    2,354,918 → 2,355,895

    Phenotypes of a mutant

  • essential [Pubmed|12682299]
  • The protein

    Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity

  • transcriptional repressor of the ''[gene|C40116089BAD3F9831F8C837DC4F2E045753ABDE|bioW]-[gene|68C86FED3575B864C576DFB73FE7B5BF83994D1F|bioA]-[gene|8B6A3E86A88928526D94FDA94B9C81ABF6E9ACFB|bioF]-[gene|D9A71DAF949FB6C9C22C8361D83C5A0741184977|bioD]-[gene|5880617EB95FC0D19219A868D6D0A3D1D0D9C532|bioB]-[gene|8FBC9A1AC108DC99E275D7A27C18C797D3CDB936|bioI]-[gene|089A32D08B5A7E552CBD9CB9745BD542863B4558|ytbQ]'' operon [Pubmed|8763940,8892842] '''and
  • ATP biotin apo-[acetyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)] = AMP diphosphate [acetyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)] (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Protein family

  • ([SW|BirA family]), pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase family (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Effectors of protein activity

  • biotinoyl-5'-AMP acts as co-repressor for DNA binding [pubmed|28466579]
  • Structure

  • [PDB|4HA8]
  • [SW|Localization]

  • cytoplasm (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Expression and Regulation

    Operons

    genes
    [gene|A828298EA2A002538876FBA6113648AAD9C4C317|ypjD]-[gene|5AB90032031653A913E15B26B3E1AE246E95AABF|dapB]-[gene|341F198B2BD4261B20C00181D084A7C5E33E39B3|mgsA]-[gene|60367F0396612C8A6491FD92A73B30BED7215506|bshB1]-[gene|187C78441816FC74B0FCCE34997E8AEC0A80B114|bshA]-[gene|4C4FA59FF5D100E941EF470C0C54E85681ADC74F|cca]-[gene|F761DBCE3429C99159F8F7CD8596FD9CF2D0589D|birA]
    description
    [Pubmed|20308541]

    sigma factors

  • [protein|360F48D576DE950DF79C1A2677B7A35A8D8CC30C|SigA]: sigma factor, [Pubmed|23894131], in [regulon|360F48D576DE950DF79C1A2677B7A35A8D8CC30C|SigA regulon]
  • regulatory mechanism

  • [protein|2C6386E9A63F410558D168798D077DF91590F454|Spx]: activation, [Pubmed|23894131], in [regulon|2C6386E9A63F410558D168798D077DF91590F454|Spx regulon]
  • regulation

  • induced by diamide stess (thiol depletion) ([protein|search|Spx]) [Pubmed|23894131]
  • view in new tab

    Biological materials

    Expression vector

  • pGP2690: expression in ''E. coli'', with N-terminal His-tag, in [SW|pWH844], available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]' lab
  • pGP2700: expression in ''B. subtilis'', with N-terminal Strep-tag, in [SW|pGP380], available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]' lab
  • two-hybrid system

  • ''B. pertussis'' adenylate cyclase-based bacterial two hybrid system ([SW|BACTH]), available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • Antibody

  • available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • References

    Reviews

  • 12368242,21437340,26350309,18086213
  • Original publications

  • 7730294,8763940,8892842,11717296,20308541,23894131,24189073,24816803,22437830,28466579